- April 20th, 22:47
I can't believe it -I found out today that my current professor for a class I'm taking in special education has actually MET Oliver Sacks! I have to read his other books.
These exerpts or what I write here are not all 'quotes.' Rather, some are just things on my mind that I want to research more perhaps in the future or just things that have / had made me think.
TS: neurological disorder: repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and voclizations? Tics.
Usually: ages 3 – 9
Males: 3 – 4 x more than females.
Tics: worse with excitement or anxiety, better during calm, focused activities.
** could swallowing difficulty be a tic?
Too much dopamine: hyperactivity
Dysfunction in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and frontal cortex of the brain.
Tics decrease in frequency and intensity during sleep.
Dopamine: pleasure? Or movement, or both? Too little: Parkinson’s. Too much: tardive dyskinesia.
~ Catecholamine: a hormone that functions as a neurotransmitter.
Bipolar and schizophrenia? Excess.
:Witty tics, ticcy wits:
L Dopa still: standard for treating Parkinson’s Disease, increases dopamine in the brain.
Dopamine cannot cross the blood-brain barrier, but L DOPA can.
Haldol: medication that works in the brain to treat schiz., antipsychotic.
Rebalances dopamine to improve thinking, mood, behavior.
Schizophrenia: hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thought, little desire to be around others, trouble speaking clearly, lack of motivation.
Haldol, also for Tourette’s? Haldol: prevents excess dopamine.
Muscular dystrophy: a genetic disorder, weakens the muscles that help the body move. Ppl: born with it.
Oneirophrenia: greek word for dream, ‘oneiros’ and mind ‘phrenos’
A hallucinatory, dreamlike state.
Caused by sleep deprivation, sensory deprivation
Clouding of consciousness but without the dissociative symptoms typical of schizophrenia.
Agnosia: loss of ability to recognize objects, people, sounds, shapes, scent.
Aphasia: loss of language ability
Abulia: loss of will power? Ability to make decisions
Acataphasia: inability to formulate statement in organized manner
Acoria: can’t be satisfied no matter how much eaten
Anomia: inability to name objects
Anosmia: cannot have scent.
Judgement is necessary before abstract attitude.
Lost Mariner: Memory, the quote from Bunuel
Luria: A man does not consist of memory alone.
You have to begin to lose your memory, if only in bits and pieces, to
realize that memory is what makes our lives. Life without memory is no
life at all ... Our memory is our coherence, our reason, our feeling,
even our action. Without it, we are nothing ... (I can only wait for the
final amnesia, the one that can erase an entire life, as it did my
‘I may venture to affirm,’ Hume wrote, ‘that we are nothing but a bundle or collection of
different sensations, which succeed each other with an inconceivable
rapidity, and are in a perpetual flux and movement.’ In some sense, he
had been reduced to a ‘Humean’ being— I could not help thinking how
fascinated Hume would have been at seeing in Jimmie his own
philosophical ‘chimaera’ incarnate, a gruesome reduction of a man to
mere disconnected, incoherent flux and change.
What could we do? What should we do? There are no prescriptions,’
Luria wrote, ‘in a case like this. Do whatever your ingenuity and your
heart suggest. There is little or no hope of any recovery in his memory.
But a man does not consist of memory alone. He has feeling, will,
sensibilities, moral being—matters of which neuropsychology cannot
speak. And it is here, beyond the realm of an impersonal psychology,
that you may find ways to touch him, and change him. And the
circumstances of your work especially allow this, for you work in a
Home, which is like a little world, quite different from the clinics and
institutions where I work. Neuropsychological!}’, there is little or
nothing you can do; but in the realm of the Individual, there may be
much you can do.’
(If a man has lost a leg or an eye, he knows he
has lost a leg or an eye; but if he has lost a self—himself—he cannot
know it, because he is no longer there to know it.)
But humanly, spiritually, he is at times a different man altogether—no
longer fluttering, restless, bored, and lost, but deeply attentive to the
beauty and soul of the world, rich in all the Kierkegaardian categories—
and aesthetic, the moral, the religious, the dramatic. I had wondered,
when I first met him, if he was not condemned to a sort of ‘Humean’
froth, a meaningless fluttering on the surface of life, and whether there
was any way of transcending the incoherence of his Humean disease.
Empirical science told me there was not—but empirical science,
empiricism, takes no account of the soul, no account of what
constitutes and determines personal being. Perhaps there is a
philosophical as well as a clinical lesson here: that in Korsakov’s, or
dementia, or other such catastrophes, however great the organic
damage and Humean dissolution, there remains the undiminished
possibility of reintegration by art, by communion, by touching the
human spirit: and this can be preserved in what seems at first a
hopeless state of neurological devastation.
Going from realism and nature to abstract…the interpretation of faces, being impaired.
A problem with the visual cortex in occipital lobe
With autism: inability to conceptualize abstract thoughts and ideas, but able to express themselves artistically through concrete objects.